Influence of neighborhood environment and social support on physical activity among patients with diabetes mellitus
Adekola B Ademoyegun 1 2 * , Chidozie E Mbada 3, Olubukola E Afolabi 1, Ishanosen A Aghedo 1, Omotola I Adelowokan 1, Taofeek O Awotidebe 2
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1 Department of Physiotherapy, Osun State University Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, NIGERIA2 Department of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, NIGERIA3 Department of Health Professions, Faculty of Health and Education, Manchester Metropolitan University, Birley Fields Campus, Bonsall Street, Manchester M15 6GX, UK* Corresponding Author

Abstract

This study was aimed to determine the relationship of physical activity (PA) with the neighborhood environment and social support for PA among patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). A total of 193 consenting individuals with DM attending endocrinology clinic in a Nigerian tertiary hospital participated in this cross-sectional study. The international physical activity questionnaire short form, physical activity neighborhood environment scale (PANES), and physical activity and social support scale (PASSS) were used to assess the PA level (low, moderate, and high), neighborhood environment and social support for PA, respectively. The results of bivariate analyses showed that all elements of built environment and social support were significantly associated with PA. Regression model analyses indicate that PANES score was associated with moderate (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 10.76; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.82-30.32) to high (aOR: 45.73; 95% CI: 12.14-172.27) PA. In addition, easy access to quality walking facilities (aOR: 46.53; 95% CI: 3.89-557.32; aOR: 46.13; 95% CI: 2.65-802.40) and easy access to recreation infrastructure (aOR: 46.89; 95% CI: 3.95-487.83; aOR: 17.99; 95% CI: 1.28-252.98) were associated with moderate to high PA, respectively, while safety from crime (aOR: 0.21; 95% CI: 0.07-0.64) and easy access to services and shops (aOR: 21.90; 95% CI: 1.83-262.59) were associated with moderate and high PA. Informational social support was associated with moderate PA (aOR: 1.44; 95% CI: 1.04-2.00). In conclusion, the neighborhood environmental and social support factors were associated with the PA activity level among Nigerian patients with DM.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

J CONTEMP STUD EPIDEMIOL PUBLIC HEALTH, 2023, Volume 4, Issue 1, Article No: ep23001

https://doi.org/10.29333/jconseph/12549

Publication date: 01 Jan 2023

Online publication date: 18 Oct 2022

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